There are several facts that one needs to know about Lupus and Disability. Here are 5 basic questions which we all need to know in order to understand Lupus and the disabilities it generates.
Question 1 – What is Lupus?
Our immune systems are like sentries who guard our bodies against any foreign infections. Lupus is an autoimmune disease that breaks down this guard. In other words, our immune system stops functioning in the way it should and turns our healthy cells and tissues against us. It is no longer able to prevent the onslaught of foreign bodies, leaving us vulnerable to infections and allergies.
Lupus affects almost all our vital organs, namely,
- Blood vessels
The ill-effects of Lupus are also reflected on our Skin and in our joints.
The impact of Lupus is so widespread that it soon leads to disabilities. Lupus and disabilities therefore need our immediate attention.
Question 2 – What are the causes of Lupus?
Now that we know what Lupus is, we need to understand what its causes are. This will help us to tackle lupus and disability better.
Lupus is most often regarded as a genetic disease. People who are born with genes which are susceptible to get affected are often the ones suffering from Lupus.
The other cause of Lupus may be viral infections, which tend to weaken the immune system and make it susceptible to Lupus.
Lupus however, is not contagious and does not spread from one individual to the other.
Question 3 – What Are the Symptoms of Lupus?
Lupus and disability initiates with some common symptoms which are often ignored. Some of the common symptoms of Lupus include skin rash, mouth ulcers, hair loss, fatigue, fever, pain or swelling in the joints.
Some of the lesser common symptoms include Anemia (a decrease in red blood cells)
headaches, nausea, depression, confusion, and seizures.
The symptoms of Lupus are divided into two specific phases, namely relapses when the symptoms flare up and remissions when the symptoms temporarily subside.
People suffering from Lupus may also end up with problems in their heart, lungs, kidneys, blood cells, or nervous system.
Question 4 – How is Lupus Diagnosed?
Lupus proves a difficult diagnosis. This is primarily because lupus and disability affects different people in different ways. Treatments are conducted primarily based on investigations of urine and blood samples.
The presence of some errant proteins in the blood may lead to the confirmation of the disease. These proteins are known as antinuclear antibodies (ANA). However, the presence of ANAs is not a conclusive proof as antibodies may form in the body owing to various reasons.
Analysis of a patient’s medical history is also a valid source for doctors to begin investigations.
Questions 5 – Who are Most Susceptible to Lupus?
Women are the most susceptible to be affected by Lupus. There are several instances where lupus and disability have afflicted women of African American, Hispanic, Asian, and Native American origin. There are fewer instances of Lupus and disability among Caucasian women.
Question 6 – What kind of Specialist Help would Lupus Patients Need?
As Lupus attacks several of one’s vital organs, Lupus patients would need specialist attention. Some of these specialists include:
- Rheumatologists—Specialists treating arthritis and other diseases that cause swelling in the joints
- Clinical immunologists—Specialists treating immune system disorders
- Nephrologists—Specialists treating kidney disorders
- Hematologists— Specialists treating blood disorders
- Dermatologists— Specialists treating skin diseases
- Neurologists— Specialists treating nervous system disorders
- Cardiologists— Specialists treating heart and blood vessel disorders
- Endocrinologists— Specialists treating problems related to the glands and hormones
In addition to this, one’s family doctor, is always desired to help build up the comfort level.
Lupus and disabilities cause severe depression owing to the limiting impact it has on the patient’s motor abilities. Therefore the caring attention of nurses, the counseling of psychologists and the assistance of social workers to help in rehabilitation is a necessity.
Love and attention goes a long way in helping lupus patients cope with the life ahead.